Background and Objectives: Forensic physicians provide both medical care and forensic consultations for medico-legal evidence. This study aimed to determine the numbers of various parameters in medical jurisprudence such as gender, age, types of trauma and medical reports as well as to provide descriptive data on medico-legal findings for justice processes.
Methods: Retrospective case study and descriptive analysis of the patients who were registered at medico-legal clinic, department of forensic medicine, Srinagarind Hospital from May 2005 until May 2009.
Results: Of the 5,337 patients examined, 63.69% were men and the ratio of men to women was approximately 2 to 1. The ratio of OPD : IPD cases was 3 : 2. The common age ranges of the patients were 10-20 years (32.94 %) and 21-30 years (25.73%). The age of the patients less than 10 years and more than 51 years were the least common. The occurrence of traffic accident showed more frequent than the others (71.26%). The body assault was 22.99% and rape cases was 1.93%. Medical examination reported as injured patients by body assault, traffic accident and rape cases were 44.79%, 43.62% and 9.47, respectively. The chance to report showed more frequent in 78.6% rape cases, 22.99% body assault and 9.81% traffic accident only.
Conclusions: Medico-legal reports by forensic physicians were very important for justice processes. Our study revealed that medical jurisprudence in Srinagarind hospital had different characteristics according to the type of trauma, the numbers of medico-legal reports and the chances to report by forensic physicians.
Keywords : medical jurisprudence medico-legal report forensic physician